terça-feira, outubro 25, 2005

"She sat down in order that we mind stand up"

Morreu, aos 92 anos de idade, Rosa Parks, a mulher, negra, americana que recusou ser tratada como uma cidadã de segunda categoria. Recusou sentar-se na parte de trás do autocarro e, brava e resolutamente, avançou para os lugares da frente reservados aos brancos nos autocarros do Alabama racista de 1950 .
For her act of defiance, Mrs. Parks was arrested, convicted of violating the segregation laws and fined $10, plus $4 in court fees. In response, blacks in Montgomery boycotted the buses for nearly 13 months while mounting a successful Supreme Court challenge to the Jim Crow law that enforced their second-class status on the public bus system.
The events that began on that bus in the winter of 1955 captivated the nation and transformed a 26-year-old preacher named
Martin Luther King Jr.
into a major civil rights leader. It was Dr. King, the new pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, who was drafted to head the Montgomery Improvement Association, the organization formed to direct the nascent civil rights struggle.
Her act of civil disobedience, what seems a simple gesture of defiance so many years later, was in fact a dangerous, even reckless move in 1950's Alabama. In refusing to move, she risked legal sanction and perhaps even physical harm, but she also set into motion something far beyond the control of the city authorities. Mrs. Parks clarified for people far beyond Montgomery the cruelty and humiliation inherent in the laws and customs of segregation.
Foi-se a mulher. Fica o legado. Que descanse em paz.